Environmental groups in the Philippines are pushing for Green Electoral Reforms ahead of the 2022 elections.
Through a letter submitted last September 24, 2021, to the office of COMELEC Chairman Sheriff M. Abas, pro-environment groups led by the EcoWaste Coalition, Greenpeace Philippines, Mother Earth Foundation, and Zero Waste Philippines appealed to the poll body “to proactively integrate waste and toxic prevention in the conduct of the upcoming elections.”
The groups, along with the Cavite Green Coalition, Interfacing Development Interventions for Sustainability, Oceana Philippines, NASSA/Caritas Philippines, Urban Poor Associates, and a host of other community-based organizations, made the earnest appeal ahead of the filing period on October 1 to 8 for the Certificates of Candidacy for all elective positions, as well as the certificates of nomination and acceptance.
“Considering the problems already plaguing our society due to garbage, plastic pollution, climate change, and COVID-19, we urge the COMELEC to champion much-needed policies and practices that will protect our fragile environment from being further degraded by the avalanche of partisan political activities leading to the 2022 elections,” wrote Eileen Sison, President, EcoWaste Coalition.
“We hope COMELEC will commit to greening the 2022 polls to the best of its ability and with the participation and support of all stakeholders,” she said, noting the widespread disregard of environmental rules and regulations in past electoral exercises.
The groups identified some of the more blatant offenses in previous polls that have directly or indirectly harmed the environment, including the unrestrained plastering of campaign posters outside COMELEC-designated areas, most notoriously on trees, electric posts, and walls.
The groups also scored the following election practices in the country:
- unbridled display of “indirect” political propaganda such as graduation and fiesta banners and tarpaulins;
- the unregulated noise from mobile political propaganda and during campaign meetings;
- the unchecked distribution and littering of sample ballots on election day;
- the open burning of campaign waste materials, which is prohibited under the Clean Air Act and the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act;
- the failure to avoid the use of single-use plastics and adding to the mounting plastic pollution that ends up in the waterways and the ocean.
“We have also observed the rampant use of campaign materials that are hardly reused or recycled, particularly plastic tarpaulins, posters, and buntings, as well as the confetti thrown in miting de avance,” the groups said.
Aside from the littered sample ballots on the actual polling day, the groups also noted the use of disposable food and beverage containers inside the polling centers for the members of the Board of Election Inspectors, poll watchers, and volunteers, and the lack of an ecological system for managing discards such as food leftovers and their single-use containers.
To reduce the ecological footprint of the much-anticipated elections in 2022, the EcoWaste Coalition requested COMELEC to heed the following action points:
- Adopt a resolution declaring and enunciating Zero Waste as a policy to effectively prevent and reduce the generation of garbage, including COVID-related waste such as used face masks and face shields.
- Create a special committee that will take the lead in the multi-stakeholders task of “greening” the elections and the strict enforcement of relevant environmental rules and regulations.
- Require all individuals and groups running for election to abide by the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act, which, among other prohibited acts, bans littering, open dumping, and open burning of waste.
- Make it mandatory for parties and candidates to make use of recyclable and reusable materials free of hazardous chemical substances for their electoral campaign, and for them to conduct compulsory post-election clean-up.
- Use its moral authority to encourage parties and candidates to articulate in their electoral platforms how they plan to advance the state policy, as written in the Constitution, to “protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.”
- Incorporate environmental awareness and responsibility in COMELEC’s public information drive for clean, orderly, peaceful, honest, and fair elections.
- Regulate campaign motorcades, if not impose an outright ban, to address perennial problems with traffic congestion, noise, air pollution, and climate change.
- Work with the Department of Health to set regulations on poll campaign noise.
- Strictly enforce the laws, rules, and regulations on proper posting of campaign materials and enforce sanctions to those who violate them.
The EcoWaste Coalition will also reach out to political parties and political wannabes to encourage them to think of the environment as they ardently woo the electorate for votes.
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